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What Kinds Of Software Testing Ought To Be Considered

What Kinds Of Software Testing Ought To Be Considered

Black box testing - This kind of Testing is not based mostly on any knowledge of inner design or coding. These Tests are based mostly on requirements and functionality.

White box testing - This is based on knowledge of the interior logic of an application's code. Tests are primarily based on coverage of code statements, branches, paths, conditions.

Unit testing - the most 'micro' scale of testing; to test particular functions or code modules. This is typically finished by the programmer and not by testers, as it requires detailed knowledge of the inner program, design and code. Not always simply performed unless the application has a well-designed architecture with tight code; might require developing test driver modules or test harnesses.

Incremental integration testing - steady testing of an application when new functionality is added; requires that varied points of an application's functionality be unbiased sufficient to work separately earlier than all parts of the program are accomplished, or that test drivers be developed as needed; accomplished by programmers or by testers.

Integration testing - testing of mixed parts of an application to determine if they functioning together correctly. The 'parts' might be code modules, individual applications, shopper and server applications on a network, etc. This type of testing is particularly related to client/server and distributed systems.

Functional testing - this testing is geared to functional requirements of an application; this type of testing needs to be done by testers. This does not imply that the programmers should not check that their code works earlier than releasing it (which of course applies to any stage of testing.)

System testing - this is based on the general necessities specifications; covers all of the mixed parts of a system.

End-to-end testing - this is similar to system testing; entails testing of a complete application setting in a situation that imitate real-world use, comparable to interacting with a database, using network communications, or interacting with different hardware, applications, or systems.

Sanity testing or smoke testing - typically this is an initial testing to determine whether a new software model is performing well sufficient to accept it for a major testing effort. For instance, if the new software is crashing systems in every 5 minutes, making down the systems to crawl or corrupting databases, the software might not be in a standard condition to warrant further testing in its present state.

Regression testing - this is re-testing after bug fixes or modifications of the software. It is difficult to determine how a lot re-testing is required, particularly on the finish of the development cycle. Automated testing tools are very helpful for this type of testing.

Acceptance testing - this can be said as a remaining testing and this was finished primarily based on specifications of the top-user or customer, or based on use by finish-users/customers over some limited interval of time.

Load testing - this is nothing but testing an application under heavy loads, such as testing a web site under a range of loads to determine at what level the system's response time degrades or fails.

Stress testing - the term typically used interchangeably with 'load' and 'performance' testing. Additionally used to describe such tests as system functional testing while under unusually heavy loads, heavy repetition of sure actions or inputs, input of enormous numerical values, massive complicated queries to a database system, etc.

Efficiency testing - the term usually used interchangeably with 'stress' and 'load' testing. Ideally 'efficiency' testing is defined in necessities documentation or QA or Test Plans.

Usability testing - this testing is done for 'consumer-buddyliness'. Clearly this is subjective, and can depend on the targeted end-person or customer. User interviews, surveys, video recording of consumer classes, and other strategies can be used. Programmers and testers are often not suited as usability testers.

Compatibility testing - testing how well the software performs in a particular hardware/software/working system/network/etc. environment.

Consumer acceptance testing - determining if software is satisfactory to a finish-consumer or a customer.

Comparison testing - comparing software weaknesses and strengths to other competing products.

Alpha testing - testing an application when development is nearing completion; minor design modifications should still be made because of such testing. This is typically achieved by end-customers or others, however not by the programmers or testers.

Beta testing - testing when development and testing are essentially completed and last bugs and problems have to be discovered earlier than closing release. This is typically completed by end-customers or others, not by programmers or testers.

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